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The Indian Wars
200 years of Fire and Thunder
On Turtle Island

Source: The Native American Almanac
'A Portrait of Native America Today'
By Arlene Hirschfelder and Martha Kreipe de Montano
Prentice Hall General Reference
15 Columbus Circle
N.Y., N.Y. 10023
Copyright © 1993 Hirschfelder/de Montano
All Rights Reserved

(*Note: Timetable for Destruction or a chronological checklist of the Western expansion of the European on Turtle Island. "Trail of the Iron Plow".)

"Native Americans fought valiantly against the Europeans and Euro-Americans who invaded their homelands. The following chronology lists major wars and campaigns fought by Native Peoples in the present day United States from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries."
1636-1638 Pequot War, Connecticut Valley 1675-1676 King Philip's War, Wampanoags and Narragansetts in Southern New England 1675-l676 War with Susquehannocks in Maryland, Bacon's Rebellion 1711-1713 Tuscarora War, North Carolina 1715-1716 Yamassee War, Solith Carolina 1754-1763 French and Indian War, Iroquois and Algonquian 1774 War with Shawnees in Ohio Valley, also called Lord Dunmore's War 1774-1784 American Revolutionary War period 1779 War with Six Nations (Iroquois) in Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania 1790-1795 War with Mingo, Miami, Wyandot, Delaware, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians of "Old Northwest," also known as Little Turtle's War 1811-1813 War with Shawnee, Potawatomi, Winnebago, Chippewa, and Wyandot Indians in Indiana 1813 Peoria Indian War in Illinois 1813-1814 Creek Indian War in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Tennessee 1817-1818 First Seminole Indian War in Georgia and Florida 1823 Campaign against Arikara Indians, upper Missouri River 1827 War with Winnebagos in Wisconsin, also called La Fevre Indian War 1832 Black Hawk's War (Sac and Fox Indians in Illinois and Wisconsin 1834 Expedition against Pawnees in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) 1835-1842 Second Seminole War in Florida, Georgia and Alabama 1837 War with Osage Indians in Missouri 1847-l850 War with Cayuse Indians in Oregon 1850-1851 Mariposa War with Miwoks and Yokuts in California 1851-1852 Yuma and Mohave uprisings in California and Arizona 1854 Campaign against Jicarilla Apaches in New Mexico 1855-1856 War with Takelma and Tututni Indians in Oregon, also called Rogue River War 1855-1856 War with Yakima, Walla Walla, Umatilla, and Cayuse Indians in Washington Territory 1855-1858 Third Seminole War in Florida 1858 War with Spokane, Coeur d'Alene, Palouse, Yakima, and Northern Paiute Indians in Washington Territory 1860 War with Paiute Indians in Nevada, also known as Pyramid Lake War 1861-1886 Campaign against Apaches in New Mexico and Arizona 1862-1863 War with Dakotas in Minnesota and Dakota territory 1863 War with Shoshone Indians in Utah and Idaho 1863-1866 War against Navajos in Arizona and New Mexico 1864-1865 War with Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians in Colorado and Kansas l865 War with Northern plains Indians, known as the Powder River Expedition 1866-1868 War with Northern Paiutes in Oregon, Idaho, and California, also known as Snake War 1866-1868 War with Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians in Wyoming and Montana, aiso known as Red Cloud's War for Bozeman Trail 1868-1869 War with Cheyenne, Arapaho, Lakota, Kiowa, and Comanche Indians on southern and northern plains 1872-1873 War with Modocs in Oregon and California 1874-1875 Campaign against Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Comanche Indians in Indian Territory, also known as the Red River War 1876-1877 War with Lakota, Cheyennc, and Arapaho Indians in South Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming, also known as the Black Hills War 1876-1879 War with Northern Cheyenne Indians in Indian Territory, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming,Montana and Dakota Territory 1877 War with Nez Perce Indians in Idaho 1878 War with Bannock, Northern Paiute, and Cayuse Indians in Idaho and Washington Territory 1879 War with Shoshone and Bannock Indians in Idaho, also known as Sheepeater War 1879 Campaign against Ute Indians in Colorado and Utah

Arlene Hirschfelder is the author of award-winning
non-fiction books, as well as curricula, magazine
articles, and bibliographies concerning Native
American Indians. Books by Arlene Hirschfelder

Martha Kreipe De Montano is a co-author
of Coyote in Love With a Star: Tales of the
People (Tales of the People Series) and is a
member of the Prairie Band Potawatomi.

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